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1= Upgrade Instructions
2[[TracGuideToc]]
3[[PageOutline(2-4,,inline,unnumbered)]]
4
5== Instructions
6
7Typically, there are seven steps involved in upgrading to a newer version of Trac:
8
9=== 1. Bring your server off-line
10
11It is not a good idea to update a running server: the server processes may have parts of the current packages cached in memory, and updating the code will likely trigger [#ZipImportError internal errors].
12
13Although a database backup will be implicitly created by default when upgrading the environment, it is always a good idea to perform a full backup of the environment using the [TracBackup hotcopy] command before beginning.
14
15=== 2. Update the Trac Code #UpdatetheTracCode
16
17Get the new version as described in TracInstall, or your operating system specific procedure.
18
19If you already have a 0.12 version of Trac installed via `easy_install`, it might be easiest to also use `easy_install` to upgrade your Trac installation:
20
21{{{#!sh
22easy_install --upgrade Trac==1.0
23}}}
24
25If you do a manual (not operating system-specific) upgrade, you should also stop any running Trac servers before the installation. Doing "hot" upgrades is not advised, especially on Windows ([trac:#7265]).
26
27You may also want to remove the pre-existing Trac code by deleting the `trac` directory from the Python `lib/site-packages` directory, or remove Trac `.egg` files from former versions.
28The location of the site-packages directory depends on the operating system and the location in which Python was installed. However, the following locations are typical:
29 * on Linux: `/usr/lib/python2.X/site-packages`
30 * on Windows: `C:\Python2.X\lib\site-packages`
31 * on MacOSX: `/Library/Python/2.X/site-packages`
32
33You may also want to remove the Trac `cgi-bin`, `htdocs`, `templates` and `wiki-default` directories that are commonly found in a directory called `share/trac`. The exact location depends on your platform. This cleanup is not mandatory, but makes it easier to troubleshoot issues later on, as your installation is uncluttered by code or templates from a previous release that is not used anymore. As usual, make a backup before actually removing things.
34
35=== 3. Upgrade the Trac Environment #UpgradetheTracEnvironment
36
37Environment upgrades are not necessary for minor version releases unless otherwise noted.
38
39After restarting, Trac should show the instances which need a manual upgrade via the automated upgrade scripts to ease the pain. These scripts are run via [TracAdmin trac-admin]:
40{{{#!sh
41trac-admin /path/to/projenv upgrade
42}}}
43
44This command will do nothing if the environment is already up-to-date.
45
46Note that a backup of your database will be performed automatically prior to the upgrade.
47This feature is relatively new for PostgreSQL or MySQL databases, so if it fails, you will have to backup the database manually. Then, to perform the actual upgrade, run:
48{{{#!sh
49trac-admin /path/to/projenv upgrade --no-backup
50}}}
51
52=== 4. Update the Trac Documentation === #UpdatetheTracDocumentation
53
54By default, every [TracEnvironment Trac environment] includes a copy of the Trac documentation for the installed version. However, to keep the included documentation in sync with the installed version of Trac, use the following [TracAdmin trac-admin] command to upgrade the documentation:
55{{{#!sh
56trac-admin /path/to/projenv wiki upgrade
57}}}
58
59Note that this procedure will leave your `WikiStart` page intact.
60
61=== 5. Refresh static resources
62
63If you have set up a web server to give out static resources directly (accessed using the `/chrome/` URL) then you will need to refresh them using the same command:
64{{{#!sh
65trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /deploy/path
66}}}
67this will extract static resources and CGI scripts (`trac.wsgi`, etc) from new Trac version and its plugins into `/deploy/path`.
68
69Some web browsers (IE, Opera) cache CSS and Javascript files aggressively, so you may need to instruct your users to manually erase the contents of their browser's cache, a forced refreshed (`<F5>`) should be enough.
70{{{#!comment
71Remove above note once #9936 is fixed.
72}}}
73
74=== 6. Steps specific to a given Trac version
75
76==== Upgrading from Trac 1.0 to 1.1.x #to1.1.x
77
78===== Python 2.5 no longer supported
79Upgrade Python to at least 2.6, but not 3.0.
80
81===== New workflow actions
82
83The ticket creation step is now controlled with a workflow action. The default workflow has `create` and `create_and_assign` actions. The `create` action will always be added when upgrading the database. The `create_and_assign` action will be added if the workflow has an //assigned// state. You may want to edit your workflow after upgrading the database to customize the actions available on the //New Ticket// page.
84
85===== New permissions policy for read-only wiki pages
86Since 1.1.2 the read-only attribute of wiki pages is enabled and enforced only when `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` is in the list of active permission policies. If `[trac] permission_policy` has the default value `DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy`, then `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` should be automatically appended to the list when upgrading the environment:
87{{{#!ini
88[trac]
89permission_policies = ReadonlyWikiPolicy,
90 DefaultPermissionPolicy,
91 LegacyAttachmentPolicy
92}}}
93If other permission policies are enabled, //trac.ini// will need to be edited to append `ReadonlyWikiPolicy` to the list of active `permission_policies`. See TracFineGrainedPermissions#ReadonlyWikiPolicy for additional details on the proper ordering.
94
95==== Upgrading from Trac 0.12 to Trac 1.0 #to1.0
96
97===== Python 2.4 no longer supported
98Upgrade Python to at least 2.5, but not 3.0.
99
100===== Subversion components not enabled by default for new installations
101The Trac components for Subversion support are no longer enabled by default. To enable the svn support, you need to make sure the `tracopt.versioncontrol.svn` components are enabled, for example by setting the following in the TracIni:
102{{{#!ini
103[components]
104tracopt.versioncontrol.svn.* = enabled
105}}}
106The upgrade procedure should take care of this and change the TracIni appropriately, unless you already had the svn components explicitly disabled.
107
108===== Attachments migrated to new location
109Another step in the automatic upgrade will change the way the attachments are stored. Create a backup of the `attachments` directory before upgrading. In case the `attachments` directory contains some files which are //not// attachments, the last step of the migration to the new layout will fail: the deletion of the now unused `attachments` directory can't be done if there are still files and folders in it. You may ignore this error, but better to move them elsewhere and remove the `attachments` directory manually. The attachments themselves are now all located in your environment below the `files/attachments` directory.
110
111===== Behavior of `[ticket] default_owner` changed
112Prior to 1.0, the owner field of new tickets always defaulted to `[ticket] default_owner` when the value was not empty. If the value was empty, the owner field defaulted to to the Component's owner. In 1.0 and later, the `default_owner` must be set to `< default >` to make new tickets default to the Component's owner. This change allows the `default_owner` to be set to an empty value if no default owner is desired.
113
114==== Upgrading from Trac 0.11 to Trac 0.12
115
116===== Python 2.3 no longer supported
117The minimum supported version of Python is now 2.4.
118
119===== SQLite v3.x required
120SQLite v2.x is no longer supported. If you still use a Trac database of this format, you'll need to convert it to SQLite v3.x first. See [trac:PySqlite#UpgradingSQLitefrom2.xto3.x] for details.
121
122===== [trac:PySqlite] 2 required
123[trac:PySqlite] 1.1.x is no longer supported. Please install 2.5.5 or later if possible, see [#Tracdatabaseupgrade Trac database upgrade] below.
124
125===== Multiple Repository Support
126The latest version includes support for multiple repositories. If you plan to add more repositories to your Trac instance, please refer to TracRepositoryAdmin#Migration.
127
128This may be of interest to users with only one repository, since there is now a way to avoid the potentially costly resync check at every request.
129
130===== Resynchronize the Trac Environment Against the Source Code Repository
131
132Each [TracEnvironment Trac environment] must be resynchronized against the source code repository in order to avoid errors such as "[trac:#6120 No changeset ??? in the repository]" while browsing the source through the Trac interface:
133
134{{{#!sh
135trac-admin /path/to/projenv repository resync '*'
136}}}
137
138===== Improved repository synchronization
139In addition to supporting multiple repositories, there is now a more efficient method for synchronizing Trac and your repositories.
140
141While you can keep the same synchronization as in 0.11 adding the post-commit hook as outlined in TracRepositoryAdmin#Synchronization and TracRepositoryAdmin#ExplicitSync will allow more efficient synchronization and is more or less required for multiple repositories.
142
143Note that if you were using the `trac-post-commit-hook`, ''you're strongly advised to upgrade it'' to the new hook documented in the above references and [TracWorkflow#Howtocombinethetracopt.ticket.commit_updaterwiththetestingworkflow here], as the old hook will not work with anything else than the default repository and even for this case, it won't trigger the appropriate notifications.
144
145===== Authz permission checking
146The authz permission checking has been migrated to a fine-grained permission policy. If you use authz permissions (aka `[trac] authz_file` and `authz_module_name`), you must add `AuthzSourcePolicy` in front of your permission policies in `[trac] permission_policies`. You must also remove `BROWSER_VIEW`, `CHANGESET_VIEW`, `FILE_VIEW` and `LOG_VIEW` from your global permissions with `trac-admin $ENV permission remove` or the "Permissions" admin panel.
147
148===== Microsecond timestamps
149All timestamps in database tables, except the `session` table, have been changed from "seconds since epoch" to "microseconds since epoch" values. This change should be transparent to most users, except for custom reports. If any of your reports use date/time columns in calculations (e.g. to pass them to `datetime()`), you must divide the values retrieved from the database by 1'000'000. Similarly, if a report provides a calculated value to be displayed as a date/time (i.e. with a column named "time", "datetime", "changetime", "date", "created" or "modified"), you must provide a microsecond timestamp, that is, multiply your previous calculation with 1'000'000.
150
151==== Upgrading from Trac 0.10 to Trac 0.11
152===== Site Templates and Styles
153The templating engine has changed in 0.11 to Genshi, please look at TracInterfaceCustomization for more information.
154
155If you are using custom CSS or modified templates in the `templates` directory of the TracEnvironment, you will need to convert them to the Genshi way of doing things. To continue to use your style sheet, follow the instructions at TracInterfaceCustomization#SiteAppearance.
156
157===== Trac Macros, Plugins
158The Trac macros will need to be adapted, as the old-style wiki-macros are not supported anymore due to the drop of [trac:ClearSilver] and the HDF. They need to be converted to the new-style macros, see WikiMacros. When they are converted to the new style, they need to be placed into the plugins directory instead and not wiki-macros, which is no longer scanned for macros or plugins.
159
160===== For FCGI/WSGI/CGI users
161For those who run Trac under the CGI environment, run this command in order to obtain the trac.*gi file:
162{{{#!sh
163trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /deploy/directory/path
164}}}
165
166This will create a deploy directory with the following two subdirectories: `cgi-bin` and `htdocs`. Then update your Apache configuration file `httpd.conf` with this new `trac.cgi` location and `htdocs` location.
167
168===== Web Admin plugin integrated
169If you had the [trac:WebAdmin] plugin installed, you can uninstall it as it is part of the Trac code base since 0.11.
170
171===== New Default Configurable Workflow
172
173When you run `trac-admin <env> upgrade`, your `trac.ini` will be modified to include a `[ticket-workflow]` section. The workflow configured in this case is the original workflow, so that ticket actions will behave like they did in 0.10.
174
175Graphically, that looks like this:
176
177{{{#!Workflow width=500 height=240
178leave = * -> *
179leave.operations = leave_status
180leave.default = 1
181accept = new -> assigned
182accept.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
183accept.operations = set_owner_to_self
184resolve = new,assigned,reopened -> closed
185resolve.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
186resolve.operations = set_resolution
187reassign = new,assigned,reopened -> new
188reassign.permissions = TICKET_MODIFY
189reassign.operations = set_owner
190reopen = closed -> reopened
191reopen.permissions = TICKET_CREATE
192reopen.operations = del_resolution
193}}}
194
195There are some significant caveats in this, such as accepting a ticket sets it to 'assigned' state, and assigning a ticket sets it to 'new' state. So you will probably want to migrate to "basic" workflow; [trac:source:trunk/contrib/workflow/migrate_original_to_basic.py contrib/workflow/migrate_original_to_basic.py] may be helpful. See TracWorkflow for a detailed description of the new basic workflow.
196
197=== 7. Restart the Web Server #RestarttheWebServer
198
199If you are not running [wiki:TracCgi CGI], reload the new Trac code by restarting your web server.
200
201== Known Issues
202
203=== Customized Templates
204
205Trac supports customization of its Genshi templates by placing copies of the templates in the `<env>/templates` folder of your [TracEnvironment environment] or in a common location specified in the [[TracIni#GlobalConfiguration| [inherit] templates_dir]] configuration setting. If you choose to do so, be aware that you will need to repeat your changes manually on a copy of the new templates when you upgrade to a new release of Trac (even a minor one), as the templates will likely evolve. So keep a diff around.
206
207The preferred way to perform TracInterfaceCustomization is to write a custom plugin doing an appropriate `ITemplateStreamFilter` transformation, as this is more robust in case of changes: we usually won't modify element `id`s or change CSS `class`es, and if we have to do so, this will be documented in the [trac:TracDev/ApiChanges] pages.
208
209=== !ZipImportError
210
211Due to internal caching of zipped packages, whenever the content of the packages change on disk, the in-memory zip index will no longer match and you'll get irrecoverable !ZipImportError errors. Better anticipate and bring your server down for maintenance before upgrading.
212See [trac:#7014] for details.
213
214=== Wiki Upgrade
215`trac-admin` will not delete or remove default wiki pages that were present in a previous version but are no longer in the new version.
216
217=== Trac database upgrade
218
219A known issue in some versions of [trac:PySqlite] (2.5.2-2.5.4) prevents the trac-admin upgrade script from successfully upgrading the database format. It is advised to use either a newer or older version of the sqlite python bindings to avoid this error. For more details see ticket [trac:#9434].
220
221=== Parent dir
222If you use a Trac parent env configuration and one of the plugins in one child does not work, none of the children will work.
223
224== Related topics
225
226=== Upgrading Python
227
228Upgrading Python to a newer version will require reinstallation of Python packages: Trac itself of course, but also [http://pypi.python.org/pypi/setuptools easy_install], if you've been using that. If you are using Subversion, you'll also need to upgrade the Python bindings for svn.
229
230==== Windows and Python 2.6
231
232If you've been using !CollabNet's Subversion package, you may need to uninstall that in favor of [http://alagazam.net/ Alagazam], which has the Python bindings readily available, see [trac:TracSubversion]. That package works without tweaking.
233
234=== Changing Database Backend
235
236The [http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/TracMigratePlugin TracMigratePlugin] on [http://trac-hacks.org trac-hacks.org] has been written to assist in migrating between SQLite, MySQL and PostgreSQL databases.
237
238=== Upgrading from older versions of Trac #OlderVersions
239
240For upgrades from versions older than Trac 0.10, refer first to [trac:wiki:0.10/TracUpgrade#SpecificVersions].
241
242-----
243See also: TracGuide, TracInstall
Note: See TracBrowser for help on using the repository browser.