Changeset 40558 for wiki/pages/TracCgi

06/28/17 20:04:18 (5 years ago)

reset wiki

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  • wiki/pages/TracCgi

    r40551 r40558  
     1= Installing Trac as CGI
     5{{{#!div class=important
     6 ''Please note that using Trac via CGI is the slowest deployment method available. It is slower than [TracModPython mod_python], [TracFastCgi FastCGI] and even [trac:TracOnWindowsIisAjp IIS/AJP] on Windows.''
     9CGI script is the entrypoint that web-server calls when a web-request to an application is made. The `trac.cgi` script can be created using the `trac-admin <env> deploy <dir>` command which automatically substitutes the required paths, see TracInstall#cgi-bin. Make sure the script is executable by your web server.
     11== Apache web-server configuration
     13In [ Apache] there are two ways to run Trac as CGI:
     15 1. Use a `ScriptAlias` directive that maps an URL to the `trac.cgi` script (recommended)
     16 1. Copy the `trac.cgi` file into the directory for CGI executables used by your web server (commonly named `cgi-bin`). You can also create a symbolic link, but in that case make sure that the `FollowSymLinks` option is enabled for the `cgi-bin` directory.
     18To make Trac available at `` add `ScriptAlias` directive to Apache configuration file, changing `trac.cgi` path to match your installation:
     20ScriptAlias /trac /path/to/www/trac/cgi-bin/trac.cgi
     23 ''Note that this directive requires enabled `mod_alias` module.''
     25If you're using Trac with a single project you need to set its location using the `TRAC_ENV` environment variable:
     27<Location "/trac">
     28  SetEnv TRAC_ENV "/path/to/projectenv"
     32Or to use multiple projects you can specify their common parent directory using the `TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR` variable:
     34<Location "/trac">
     35  SetEnv TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR "/path/to/project/parent/dir"
     39 ''Note that the `SetEnv` directive requires enabled `mod_env` module. It is also possible to set TRAC_ENV in trac.cgi. Just add the following code between "try:" and "from trac.web ...":''
     42    import os
     43    os.environ['TRAC_ENV'] = "/path/to/projectenv"
     46 '' Or for TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR: ''
     49    import os
     50    os.environ['TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR'] = "/path/to/project/parent/dir"
     53If you are using the [ Apache suEXEC] feature please see [trac:ApacheSuexec].
     55On some systems, you ''may'' need to edit the shebang line in the `trac.cgi` file to point to your real Python installation path. On a Windows system you may need to configure Windows to know how to execute a .cgi file (Explorer -> Tools -> Folder Options -> File Types -> CGI).
     57=== Using WSGI
     59You can run a [ WSGI handler] [ under CGI].  You can [wiki:TracModWSGI#Thetrac.wsgiscript write your own application function], or use the deployed trac.wsgi's application.
     61== Mapping Static Resources
     63See TracInstall#MappingStaticResources.
     65== Adding Authentication
     67See TracInstall#ConfiguringAuthentication.
     70See also:  TracGuide, TracInstall, [wiki:TracModWSGI], TracFastCgi, TracModPython
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